Screen, diagnosis and manage optical, medical and surgical disorders and diseases of the eye and associated orbital structures and neurovisual pathways. They perform and supervise surgical procedures. This specialty relies on a combination of diagnostic, medical and surgical skills. For more information visit the Canadian Ophthalmological Society website: http://www.eyesite.ca/english/index.htm
A Bachelor of Science degree or in Quebec, completion of a college program and one year of pre-medicine university studies is usually required. Graduation from an approved medical school and specific specialty training are required. Completion of the certifying examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the "Collège des médecins du Québec" and licensing by the provincial or territorial licensing authority are required. Specialists in surgery: Five to six years of specialty residency training are required. Two years of subspecialty training may also be required.